Entity | Harry S Truman

Harry S Truman
Harry S. Truman[b] (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American politician who served as the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the 34th vice president from January to April 1945 under President Franklin Roosevelt and as a United States Senator from Missouri from 1935 to January 1945. Having assumed the presidency after Roosevelt's death, Truman implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe and established both the Truman Doctrine and NATO to contain the expansion of communism. He proposed numerous liberal domestic reforms, but few were enacted by the Conservative Coalition which dominated the Congress. Truman grew up in Independence, Missouri, and during the First World War fought in France as a captain in the Field Artillery. Returning home, he opened a haberdashery in Kansas City, Missouri, and was elected as a judge of Jackson County in 1922. Truman was elected to the United States Senate from Missouri in 1934. In 1940–1944 he gained national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee, which was aimed at reducing waste and inefficiency in wartime contracts. Only after assuming the presidency was he informed about the atomic bomb. Truman authorized the first and only use of nuclear weapons in war against Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Truman's administration engaged in an internationalist foreign policy by working closely with British Prime Minister Clement Attlee. Truman staunchly denounced isolationism. He energized the New Deal coalition during the 1948 presidential election and won a surprise victory against Republican Thomas E. Dewey that secured his own presidential term.
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Born: 1884, Lamar
Died: 1972, Kansas City

Alternate Names: Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972, Truman, Harry, 1884-1972, Трумэн, Гарри, 1884-1972, טרומאן, הארי ס., 1884-1972, Trumėn, G., 1884-1972, トルーマン 1884-1972, President Truman, Harry Truman, H. Truman, H. S. Truman, Truman, Harry S. Truman
Occupation(s): diarist, military officer, politician, businessperson, judge, Senator, Vice presidents, Ex-presidents, Judge, Politicians, Presidents, Private secretaries
Associated Place(s): Kansas City, Washington, D. C., Independence, Lamar, United States