Entity | Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743[a] – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, philosopher, and Founding Father who served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. He was previously the second vice president under John Adams and the first United States secretary of state under George Washington. The principal author of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson was a proponent of democracy, republicanism, and individual rights, motivating American colonists to break from the Kingdom of Great Britain and form a new nation. He produced formative documents and decisions at state, national, and international levels. During the American Revolution, Jefferson represented Virginia in the Continental Congress that adopted the Declaration of Independence. As a Virginia legislator, he drafted a state law for religious freedom. He served as the second Governor of Virginia from 1779 to 1781, during the Revolutionary War. In 1785, Jefferson was appointed the United States Minister to France, and subsequently, the nation's first secretary of state under President George Washington from 1790 to 1793. Jefferson and James Madison organized the Democratic-Republican Party to oppose the Federalist Party during the formation of the First Party System. With Madison, he anonymously wrote the provocative Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions in 1798 and 1799, which sought to strengthen states' rights by nullifying the federal Alien and Sedition Acts.
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Born: 1743, Shadwell
Died: 1826, Monticello

Alternate Names: Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826, ג'פרסון, תומס, 1743-1826, جيفرسون, توماس, 1743-1826, ジェファルソン, 1743-1826, 杰佛逊, 1743-1826, Джефферсон, Томас, 1743-1826, Jefferson, Th. (Thomas), 1743-1826, Jepharsan, Thāmas, 1743-1826, Dzhefferson, Tomas, 1743-1826, Zhīfirsūn, Tūmās, 1743-1826, Jīfirsūn, Tūmās, 1743-1826, Jiefeixun, 1743-1826, Chieh-fei-hsün, 1743-1826, Jefferson, Thomas, Pres. U.S., 1743-1826, T. Jefferson, President Jefferson
Occupation(s): cryptographer, philosopher, archaeologist, statesperson, inventor, diplomat, jurist, farmer, lawyer, teacher, politician, architect, writer, Statesmen, Vice presidents, Architect, Cabinet officers, Diplomats, Governors, Inventors, Merchants, Philosophers, Plantation owners, Politicians, Presidents, Public officers
Field(s) of Work: architecture, agriculture, law, philosophy, diplomacy
Associated Place(s): Shadwell Plantation, Charlottesville