Entity | Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach[n 2] (31 March [O.S. 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the late Baroque period. He is known for his orchestral music such as the Brandenburg Concertos; instrumental compositions such as the Cello Suites; keyboard works such as the Goldberg Variations and The Well-Tempered Clavier; organ works such as the Schubler Chorales and the Toccata and Fugue in D minor; and vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers in the history of Western music. The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After being orphaned at the age of 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother Johann Christoph, after which he continued his musical education in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar, where he expanded his organ repertory, and Köthen, where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St Thomas's) in Leipzig. There he composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university's student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard and organ music. In Leipzig, as had happened during some of his earlier positions, he had difficult relations with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by his sovereign, Augustus III, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750 at the age of 65.
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Born: 1685, Eisenach
Died: 1750, Leipzig

Alternate Names: Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750, Bach, Johann Sebastien., Bach, J. S., Bach, Johann Sebastian, Bach, Johann Nicolaus 1669-1753, Bach, Johann Nikolaus, Bach, Johann Nicolaus, Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750. BWV 1052,, Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750. BWV 1056,, Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750. BWV 564,, Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750. BWV 565,, Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750. BWV 1043,, Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750. BWV 1042,, בך, יוהן סבסטין, 1685-1750, Bach, Johann Sebastian, 1685-1750. BWV 1001-1006. no. 2., Бах, Иоганн Себастьян, 1685-1750, Bach, Sebastiano 1685-1750, Bahha, J. S., 1685-1750, Bakh, Yohan Sebasṭyan, 1685-1750, バッハ, Bach, Jean-Sebastien 1685-1750, Bakh, Y. S., 1685-1750, Bach, Joh.-Seb. 1685-1750, Bahha, Yohan Sebasutian, 1685-1750, Bach, Joh. Sebas. 1685-1750, バッハ, J. S, Bach, Jan Sebastian, Bach, Giov. Seb. 1685-1750, Bach, Jean Sébastien, Bahha, Yohan Sebasutian, Bach, Joh. Sebast. 1685-1750, Bach, Johann S. 1685-1750, Bach, Johann Seb., 1685-1750, Bach, Iogann Sebastʹjan 1685-1750, Bach, Giovanni Sebastian 1685-1750, Bakh, Iokhan Sebastian, Bach, Joh. Seb 1685-1750 (Johann Sebastian),, Bach, Jean Sébastien, 1685-1750, Bach, John Sebastian 1685-1750, Bach, Iogann Sebast'jan 1685-1750, Bach, Jean S. 1685-1750, Bach, Joh. Sebastian., Bach, Giov. Sebast. 1685-1750, באך, יוהאן סבסטיאן, 1685-1750, Bach, Joh. Sebastian 1685-1750, Bach, Giovanni Sebastiano 1685-1750, Bach, Joannes Sebastianus 1685-1750, Bach, Juan S., Bahs, Johans Sebastiāns, 1685-1750, Bach, Jean-Sébastien, 1685-1750, バッハ, ヨハン・セバスチャン, Bāḵ, 1685-1750, Bach, Johannes Sebastian, 1685-1750, Bach, J. S. 1685-1750 (Johann Sebastian),, Bach, Iogann S. 1685-1750, Bach, Johan Sebastian 1685-1750, Bach, Jean Sebastian 1685-1750, Bahs, Johans Sebatjans, Bach, J.-S. 1685-1750, באך, יוהן סבסטין, 1685-1750, Bach, G. S., Bakh, Ĭokhan Sebastian, 1685-1750, Bahs, Johans Sebatjans, 1685-1750, Pa-ha, Te, 1685-1750, Bach, I. S., Bach, Johann S., Bach, J. Seb. 1685-1750, Bach, Iohann Sebastian, Bach, I. S., 1685-1750, Bachas, J. S., 1685-1750, Bakh, I. S., Bach, Joh. Seb., Baha, 1685-1750, Bakh, Ĭ. S. 1685-1750 (Ĭokhan Sebastian),, באך, יוהן סבסטיאן, Bach, Johannes S. 1685-1750, Bahha, J. S., Bakh, Iogann Sebastian, 1685-1750, 巴哈, 1685-1750, Bakh, Y. S., Bachas, J. S., Bach, Jan Sebastian 1685-1750, Bāḵ, Jōhān Sebaṣtī'ān 1685-1750, Bah, I. S., Bach, Giovanni S. 1685-1750, Bach, John Sebastian, Bach, Jean Sébastien, Bach, Juan S., 1685-1750, Bach, J. S. Bach, J S Bach, J.S. Bach
Occupation(s): composer, harpsichordist, school teacher, violinist, choir director, organist, concertmaster, musician, virtuoso, conductor, music teacher, musicologist, Musicians, Composers
Employer(s): Bachkirche Arnstadt, Thomasschule zu Leipzig, Collegium Musicum, Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, Divi Blasii, Mühlhausen
Associated Place(s): New Jersey--Princeton, California--Berkeley, Schortau, Saxony, Germany, Chemnitz, Germany, Illinois--Chicago