Entity | Bayard Rustin

Bayard Rustin
Bayard Rustin (/ˈbaɪ.ərd/; March 17, 1912 – August 24, 1987) was an African American leader in social movements for civil rights, socialism, nonviolence, and gay rights. Rustin worked with A. Philip Randolph on the March on Washington Movement, in 1941, to press for an end to racial discrimination in employment. Rustin later organized Freedom Rides, and helped to organize the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to strengthen Martin Luther King Jr.'s leadership and teaching King about nonviolence; he later served as an organizer for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Rustin worked alongside Ella Baker, a co-director of the Crusade for Citizenship, in 1954; and before the Montgomery bus boycott, he helped organize a group, called "In Friendship", amongst Baker, George Lawrence, Stanley Levison of the American Jewish Congress, and some other labor leaders. "In Friendship" provided material and legal assistance to those being evicted from their tenant farms and households in Clarendon County, Yazoo, and other places. Rustin became the head of the AFL–CIO's A. Philip Randolph Institute, which promoted the integration of formerly all-white unions and promoted the unionization of African Americans. During the 1970s and 1980s, Rustin served on many humanitarian missions, such as aiding refugees from Vietnam and Cambodia. At the time of his death in 1987, he was on a humanitarian mission in Haiti.
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Born: 1912, West Chester
Died: 1987, Manhattan

Alternate Names: Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987, Rustin, Bayard Taylor, 1912-1987
Occupation(s): LGBTQI+ rights activist, trade unionist, civil rights advocate, politician, Civil rights leaders, Civil rights workers, Conscientious objectors, Human rights workers, Pacifists, Quakers, Social reformers
Associated Place(s): New York, West Chester