Entity | Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven[n 1] (baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. Beethoven remains one of the most admired composers in the history of Western music; his works rank amongst the most performed of the classical music repertoire and span the transition from the Classical period to the Romantic era in classical music. His career has conventionally been divided into early, middle, and late periods. His early period, during which he forged his craft, is typically considered to have lasted until 1802. From 1802 to around 1812, his middle period showed an individual development from the styles of Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and is sometimes characterized as heroic. During this time, he began to grow increasingly deaf. In his late period, from 1812 to 1827, he extended his innovations in musical form and expression. Beethoven was born in Bonn. His musical talent was obvious at an early age. He was initially harshly and intensively taught by his father Johann van Beethoven. Beethoven was later taught by the composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe, under whose tutelage he published his first work, a set of keyboard variations, in 1783. He found relief from a dysfunctional home life with the family of Helene von Breuning, whose children he loved, befriended, and taught piano. At age 21, he moved to Vienna, which subsequently became his base, and studied composition with Haydn. Beethoven then gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist, and he was soon patronized by Karl Alois, Prince Lichnowsky for compositions, which resulted in his three Opus 1 piano trios (the earliest works to which he accorded an opus number) in 1795.
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Born: 1770, Bonn
Died: 1827, Vienna

Alternate Names: Beethoven, Ludwig van, 1770-1827, Бетховен, Людвиг Ван, 1770-1827, Van Beethoven, Ludwig, 1770-1827, Beethoven, Louis de 1770-1827, Bītʹhūfin, Bīthūfin, Lūdfīġ fān 1770-1827, Betkhoven, Liudvig van, Beethoven, Luigi ˜vanœ 1770-1827, Beethoven, Ludvig van, Betchoven, Ljudvig ˜vanœ 1770-1827, Ludwig Van Beethoven, Beethoven, Ludwik van Beethoven, Ludvig van Beethoven, Louis van Beethoven, L. van Betkhoven, L. van Beethoven, L. v. Beethoven, L. Bethovenas
Occupation(s): composer, Composers
Field(s) of Work: string quartet, traditional folk song, string trio, chamber music, symphony, western classical music, opera
Associated Place(s): California--Berkeley, Austria, Germany, New Jersey--Princeton, Australia, Missouri--Saint Louis