Entity | Robert K. Merton

Robert K. Merton
Robert King Merton (born Meyer Robert Schkolnick; July 4, 1910 – February 23, 2003) was an American sociologist who is considered a founding father of modern sociology, and a major contributor to the subfield of criminology. He served as the 47th President of the American Sociological Association. He spent most of his career teaching at Columbia University, where he attained the rank of University Professor. In 1994 he was awarded the National Medal of Science for his contributions to the field and for having founded the sociology of science. [i] Merton’s contribution to sociology falls into three areas: (1) sociology of science; (2) sociology of crime and deviance; (3) sociological theory. He developed notable concepts, such as "unintended consequences", the "reference group", and "role strain", but is perhaps best known for the terms "role model" and "self-fulfilling prophecy". The concept of self-fulfilling prophecy, which is a central element in modern sociological, political, and economic theory, is one type of process through which a belief or expectation affects the outcome of a situation or the way a person or group will behave. More specifically, as Merton defined, "the self-fulfilling prophecy is, in the beginning, a false definition of the situation evoking a new behavior, which makes the originally false conception come true".
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Born: 1910, Philadelphia
Died: 2003, New York City

Alternate Names: Merton, Robert King, 1910-2003., Merton, Robert K., Merton, Robert King, 1910-, Merton, Robert King, Merton, Robert K., 1910-2003, Merton, Robert K. (Robert King), 1910-2003, Robert K. Merton., Мертон, Роберт, 1910-2003, マートン, R. K, マートン, ロバート・K, Mērtons, Roberts Kings, 1910-2003, Schkolnick, Meyer R., 1910-2003, Merton, Robert, Merton, Robert K. (Robert King), Merton, R. K. 1910-2003, Merton, Robert K. 1910-2003 (Robert King),, Merton, R. K. 1910-2003 (Robert King),, Merton, Robert, 1910-2003, King Merton, Robert, King Merton, Robert 1910-2003, Merlin, Robert King, Robert King Merton
Occupation(s): sociologist
Field(s) of Work: sociology
Employer(s): Tulane University, Columbia University
Associated Place(s): United States