Entity | A. S. Neill

A. S. Neill
Alexander Sutherland Neill (17 October 1883 – 23 September 1973) was a Scottish educator and author known for his school, Summerhill, and its philosophy of freedom from adult coercion and community self-governance. Raised in Scotland, Neill taught at several schools before attending the University of Edinburgh in 1908–1912. He took two jobs in journalism before World War I, and taught at Gretna Green Village School in the second year of the war, writing his first book, A Dominie's Log (1915), as a diary of his life there as head teacher. He joined a Dresden school in 1921 and founded Summerhill on returning to England in 1924. Summerhill gained renown in the 1930s and then in the 1960s–1970s, due to progressive and counter-culture interest. Neill wrote 20 books. His top seller was the 1960 Summerhill, read widely in the free school movement from the 1960s. Alexander Sutherland Neill was born in Forfar, Scotland, on 17 October 1883 to George and Mary Neill. He was their fourth son; one of the eight surviving children out of 13. He was raised in an austere, Calvinist house with values of fear, guilt, and adult and divine authority, which he later repudiated. As a child, he was obedient, quiet, and uninterested in school. His father was the village dominie (Scottish schoolmaster) of Kingsmuir, near Forfar in eastern Scotland, and his mother had been a teacher before her marriage. The village dominie held a position of prestige, hierarchically beneath that of upper classes, doctors, and clergymen. As typical of Scottish methods at the time, the dominie controlled overcrowded classrooms with his tawse, as corporal punishment. Neill feared his father, though he later claimed his father's imagination as a role model for good teaching. Scholars have interpreted Neill's harsh childhood as the impetus for his later philosophy, though his father was not shown to be harsher to Allie (as Neill was known ) than to anyone else. Neill's mother (née Sutherland Sinclair ) insisted on high standards for her family, and demanded comportment to set the family apart from the townspeople.
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Born: 1883, Forfar
Died: 1973, Aldeburgh

Alternate Names: Neill, Alexander Sutherland, 1883-1973, Neill, Alexander Sutherland, Neill, A. S., Neill, A. S., 1883-1973, Neill, Alexander S., Neill, Alexander Sutherland, active 1914-1956, founder of Summerhill School, Neill, A.S. (Alexander Sutherland), 1883-1973, ניל, אלכסנדר סתרלנד, 1883-1973, Neill , Alexander, ニール, A. S, Нилл, Александр, 1883-1973, Nil, Aleksandar S., Sutherland Neill, Alexander, Sutherland Neill, Alexander 1883-1973, Niil, 1883-1973, Neill, Alexander S. 1883-1973, Neill, Alexander Sutherland, fl. 1914-1956, ニイル, A. S, Neill, A, Neill, A. S. 1883-1973 (Alexander Sutherland),, Neill, Alexander Sutherland (1883-1976)., Alexander Sutherland Neill, Alexander Neill
Occupation(s): non-fiction writer, philosopher, journalist, pedagogue, psychologist
Employer(s): Summerhill School
Associated Place(s): Serbia, Europe

Appears in:

National Association of Educational Broadcasters (NAEB) 1

National Federation of Community Broadcasters (NFCB) 1