Entity | Booker T. Washington

Booker T. Washington
Booker Taliaferro Washington (April 5, 1856 – November 14, 1915) was an American educator, author, orator, and adviser to several presidents of the United States. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American community and of the contemporary black elite. Washington was from the last generation of black American leaders born into slavery and became the leading voice of the former slaves and their descendants. They were newly oppressed in the South by disenfranchisement and the Jim Crow discriminatory laws enacted in the post-Reconstruction Southern states in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Washington was a key proponent of African-American businesses and one of the founders of the National Negro Business League. His base was the Tuskegee Institute, a normal school, later a historically black college in Tuskegee, Alabama at which he served as principal. As lynchings in the South reached a peak in 1895, Washington gave a speech, known as the "Atlanta compromise", which brought him national fame. He called for black progress through education and entrepreneurship, rather than trying to challenge directly the Jim Crow segregation and the disenfranchisement of black voters in the South.
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Born: 1856, Hale's Ford
Died: 1915, Tuskegee

Alternate Names: Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915, Washington, Booker Taliaferro, 1856-1915, Washington, Booker Taliaferro, 1859?-1915, Vāśiṅgaṭana, Vukara Ṭī., 1856-1915, Booker Taliaferro Washington, Booker Washington
Occupation(s): autobiographer, human rights activist, pedagogue, educator, politician, businessperson, teacher, writer, Social reformers, African American college presidents, African American educators, Authors, Civil rights leaders, Civil rights workers, Collector, Educators, Lecturers, Politicians
Employer(s): Tuskegee University
Associated Place(s): Franklin County, Tuskegee, United States

Appears in:

National Association of Educational Broadcasters (NAEB) 2

Wisconsin Public Radio (WHA) 1