Entity | Mark Twain

Mark Twain
Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. He was lauded as the "greatest humorist the United States has produced", and William Faulkner called him "the father of American literature". His novels include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884), the latter of which has often been called the "Great American Novel". Twain was raised in Hannibal, Missouri, which later provided the setting for Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. He served an apprenticeship with a printer and then worked as a typesetter, contributing articles to the newspaper of his older brother Orion Clemens. He later became a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River before heading west to join Orion in Nevada. He referred humorously to his lack of success at mining, turning to journalism for the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise. His humorous story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" was published in 1865, based on a story that he heard at Angels Hotel in Angels Camp, California, where he had spent some time as a miner. The short story brought international attention and was even translated into French. His wit and satire, in prose and in speech, earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.
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Born: 1835, Florida
Died: 1910, Redding

Alternate Names: Twain, Mark, 1835-1910, Clemens, Samuel L. (Samuel Langhorne), 1835-1910, توين, مارك, 1835-1910, トウェイン, マーク, 1835-1910, トゥエン, マーク, 1835-1910, Twayn, Mārk, 1835-1910, Tuwayn, Mārk, 1835-1910, Tuėĭn, Mark, 1835-1910, Tvėn, Mark, 1835-1910, Make Teviin, 1835-1910, Tuwen, Make, 1835-1910, Make Tuwen, 1835-1910, Twain, Marek, 1835-1910, Touen, Makū, 1835-1910, Tven, M. (Mark), 1835-1910, Tʻu-wen, Ma-kʻo, 1835-1910, טווין, מרק, 1835-1910, טווין, מארק, 1835-1910, טוויין, מרק, 1835-1910, טוויין, מארק, 1835-1910, טבן, מרק, 1835-1910, Touain, Mark, 1835-1910, Твен, Марк, 1835-1910, 馬克吐温, 1835-1910, טװײן, מארק, 1835-1910, טװען, מארק, 1835-1910, טוין, מרק, 1835-1910, טווען, מארק, 1835-1910, Snodgrass, Quintus Curtius, 1835-1910, Conte, Louis de, 1835-1910, Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, 1835-1910, Alden, Jean François, 1835-1910, De Conte, Louis, 1835-1910, Tu-wen, Ma-ko, 1835-1910, De Conte, Louis, Sieur, 1835-1910, Klemens, Seĭmeul Lenghorn, 1835-1910, Klemenss, Semjuels, 1835-1910, Kʻo-lan-man-ssu, Sai-mi-erh Lang-en, 1835-1910, Klemens, Sami︠u︡ėl, 1835-1910, Ko-lan-man-ssu, Sai-mi-erh Lang-en, 1835-1910, Klemens, Samiuel, 1835-1910, Clemens, Samuel, 1835-1910, Klemens, Sami︠u︡ėl, 1835-1910, Samuel Langhorne Clemens, Samuel L. Clemens, Samuel Clemens
Occupation(s): autobiographer, humorist, prosaist, novelist, opinion journalist, children's writer, aphorist, travel writer, journalist, teacher, writer, science fiction writer, Humorists, Publishers, Writers, Authors, American, Authors
Associated Place(s): American, Illinois--Urbana, New York (N.Y.), Redding (Conn.), Palestine, Germany, Mississippi River Valley, United States, Alps, Swiss (Switzerland), Mississippi River, Heidelberg (Germany), Dilsberg (Germany), Switzerland, England, San Francisco Alta, Stormfield, Redding, California--Berkeley, Neckar River Valley (Germany), Haiku (Hawaii), Baden-Baden (Germany), Blanc, Mont (France and Italy), Florence (Italy), St Petersburg, Russia, London, England, Venice (Italy), Nevada, West (U.S.), Hawaii, Haleakala (Hawaii), Scotland, United Kingdom, Hannibal (Mo.), Heilbronn (Germany), Hartford (Conn.), Milan (Italy), California, Elmira (N.Y.)