Entity | Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill,[a] KG, OM, CH, TD, DL, FRS, RA (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman, soldier and writer who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, during the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955. Apart from two years between 1922 and 1924, he was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1900 to 1964 and represented a total of five constituencies. Ideologically an economic liberal and imperialist, he was for most of his career a member of the Conservative Party, which he led from 1940 to 1955. He was a member of the Liberal Party from 1904 to 1924. Of mixed English and American parentage, Churchill was born in Oxfordshire to a wealthy, aristocratic family. He joined the British Army in 1895 and saw action in British India, the Anglo-Sudan War, and the Second Boer War, gaining fame as a war correspondent and writing books about his campaigns. Elected a Conservative MP in 1900, he defected to the Liberals in 1904. In H. H. Asquith's Liberal government, Churchill served as President of the Board of Trade and Home Secretary, championing prison reform and workers' social security. As First Lord of the Admiralty during the First World War, he oversaw the Gallipoli Campaign but, after it proved a disaster, he was demoted to Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. He resigned in November 1915 and joined the Royal Scots Fusiliers on the Western Front for six months. In 1917, he returned to government under David Lloyd George and served successively as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War, Secretary of State for Air, and Secretary of State for the Colonies, overseeing the Anglo-Irish Treaty and British foreign policy in the Middle East. After two years out of Parliament, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in Stanley Baldwin's Conservative government, returning the pound sterling in 1925 to the gold standard at its pre-war parity, a move widely seen as creating deflationary pressure and depressing the UK economy.
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Born: 1874, Blenheim Palace
Died: 1965, Hyde Park Gate

Alternate Names: Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965, Churchill, Winston S. (Winston Spencer), 1874-1965, Churchill, Winston, Sir, 1874-1965, Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, 1874-1965, Chŭrchil, Uinstŭn, 1874-1965, Черчилль, Уинстон, 1874-1965, 邱吉尔, 1874-1965, تشرشل, ‪ونستون, 1874-1965, Ts'urts'il, Ṿinsṭon, 1874-1965, Warden, Colonel, 1874-1965, צ'רצ'יל, וינסטון, 1874-1965, Churchill, Winston S. (Winston Spencer), Sir, 1874-1965, Spencer Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965, Churchil, Uinstun, 1874-1965, Cherchillʹ, Uinston, 1874-1965, צ’רציל, וינסטון ס., 1874-1965, Chʻiu-chi-êrh, 1874-1965, Cherchillʹ, Vinston, 1874-1965, チャーチル, ウィンストン, 1874-1965, Čʻurčʻili, Uinston, 1874-1965, Ts'urts'il, Vinston, 1874-1965, Chiu-chi-êrh, 1874-1965, Chiu-chi-erh, 1874-1965, Cʻurcʻili, Uinston, 1874-1965, Chʻiu-chi-erh, 1874-1965, Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874-1965, The Right Honourable Sir Winston Spencer Churchill, The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, The Right Honourable Sir Winston Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, The Honourable Sir Winston Spencer Churchill, Sir Winston Spencer Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, Sir Leonard Spencer, Colonel Warden, Sir Winston Churchill, Winston Spencer Churchill, Charles Maurin, Mr Green, David Winter
Occupation(s): historian, politician, Photographers, Politicians, Statesmen, Authors, Authors, English
Employer(s): University of Edinburgh
Associated Place(s): London, Oxfordshire