Entity | Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. (born Michael King Jr.; January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesman and leader in the civil rights movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968. An African American church leader and the son of early civil rights activist and minister Martin Luther King Sr., King advanced civil rights for people of color in the United States through nonviolence and civil disobedience. Inspired by his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi, he led targeted, nonviolent resistance against Jim Crow laws and other forms of discrimination. King participated in and led marches for the right to vote, desegregation, labor rights, and other civil rights. He oversaw the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and later became the first president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). As president of the SCLC, he led the unsuccessful Albany Movement in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize some of the nonviolent 1963 protests in Birmingham, Alabama. King was one of the leaders of the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. The civil rights movement achieved pivotal legislative gains in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968.
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Born: 1929, Atlanta
Died: 1968, Memphis

Alternate Names: King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968, Kiṅ Mārṭṭin̲ Lūtar 1929-1968, Dr. King, Martin Luther King, Jr., Martin Luther King, Michael King, MLK, Michael King Jr., Martin Luther, Jr. King, M.L. King
Occupation(s): humanitarian, peace activist, pacifist, human rights activist, Christian minister, theologian, civil rights advocate, preacher, pastor, writer, politician, Performer, Civil rights leaders, Clergy
Employer(s): Ebenezer Baptist Church, Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, Free University of Amsterdam
Associated Place(s): Birmingham (Ala.), Philadelphia (Pa.), Albany (Ga.), Chicago (Ill.)